Top 5 Pheromone Colognes for Attracting Women 

There are many pheromone colognes and oils being sold today on the Internet. Here are five most popular pheromone products: Chikara Cologne Originally named Chikara 7, after the number of pheromone compounds, this product contains the three pheromones found in most pheromone products: androstenol, androstenone and androsterone, as well as four new ingredients never before used in perfumery. The total guaranteed pheromone content per bottle is 10 mg. Chikara is great on it's own, but it can also be combined with other products, especially those with more androstenone. This product is also available in gel packs.

We wish to stress on the importance and the necessity of who invented pheromones through this article. This is because we see the need of propagating its necessity and importance!

Has he casually brought up a movie that just happens to be playing? These are just a few signs when a man likes you. Now just because a man likes you doesn't mean that you have to date him. Don't make the mistake of dating a man just because he is there. Not every guy is right for you, even if all of your friends think he is "so cute" or you haven't had a date since Ben and Jerry's was invented.

Seaweeds itself secretes secondary metabolites to prevent fouling and grazing. In addition to that epibiotic bacteria on macro algae can also produce antifouling compounds that work in concert with the seaweed derived compounds to protect the seaweed surface. Recent studies have highlighted important roles of epibiotic bacteria colonizing the surface of seaweeds and releasing antifouling compounds. For the past 50 years antibiotics have revolutionized medicine by providing cures for formerly life threatening diseases. However, strains of bacteria have recently emerged that are virtually unresponsive to antibiotics such multidrug resistance, arising mainly through antibiotic misuse, is now recognized as a global health problem. In this situation, it is clear that new classes of antibiotics are urgently needed. Many marine bacteria have been shown to produce secondary metabolites that display antibacterial properties. The first antibiotic from a marine bacterium was identified and characterized in 1966. In addition, bacteria in biofilm on the surface of marine organisms have been documented to contain a higher proportion of antibiotic producing bacteria than some other marine environments (Burgess, et al., 1999). Marine epibiotic bacteria, associated with nutrient-rich algal surfaces have also been shown to produce antibacterial secondary metabolites which inhibit the settlement of potential competitors. Recently a lot new novel antibiotics such as Phenazine, thiomarinol, phenazine-1-carboxylic acid, 1-hydroxyphenazine 2-n-heptylquinol-4-one, 2-n-nonylquinol-4-one pyolipic, loloatins, agrochelin, sesbanimides, pelagiomicins, indomycione and indomycione have been identified from various marine epibiotic bacterial organisms. In particular, some species of the genus Pseudomonas produce both antibiotics and several other bioactive substances. For example, Pseudoalteromonas rubra and Pseudoalteromonas aurantia have been reported to be antibiotic producing bacteria. The phenomenon of higher organisms utilizing their associated microflora for the production of beneficial secondary metabolites is common in the marine environment (Yotsu, et al., 1987). A study of bacteria isolated from marine algae surfaces indicated that the incidence of antibiotic producing strains from this habitat was 20% whereas that from sea water was only a few percent. In addition, some bacteria that previously did not produce any active compounds have been found to be producing such metabolites when they are exposed to other bacterial species or extra cellular chemical from other bacteria. Bacteria may also produce antimicrobial compounds when they sense the presence of competing organisms. However, few attempts have been made to study such chemical communication between different bacterial species or how this might affect. The secretion of antimicrobial compounds (Mearns-Spragg, et al., 1998). Bacterial communication by the chemical signals for specific function is simply known as Quorum sensing. In which a bacterial population receives input from the environment and elicits an appropriate response (Hiroaki and Kristina. 2003). The term "quorum sensing" describes the ability of a microorganism to perceive and response to diffusible signal molecules. Bacterial cells sense their population density through a sophisticated cell to cell communication system and trigger expression of particular genes. Tne first system of density-dependent regulation was studied in detail with the luminescence of Photobacterium fischeri (formerly known as Vibrio fischeri) by Bassler et al., 1997. Eventually, they discovered that 3-oxo-N-(tetrahydro-2-oxo-3-furanyl) hexanamid or N-3-(oxohexanoyl) homoserine lactone (OHHL) was responsible the agent in the broth that induced luminescence. Followed by this many researchers have confirmed that in Gram negative bacteria acyl-homoserine lactone is responsible for the cell to cell communication system.

Keep your arms away from your chest. Crossed arms are a definite leave me alone signal. Instead look him in the eye when he enters a room. Keep making eye contact. Then smile. Nod to let him know you noticed him. Nodding is a gesture that is mostly used by men . When you use it it will catch him off guard a bit and make him notice you.

Do we emit pheromones by nature? Without question, we are chemically conversing with each other constantly. These pheromones that we emit are the basic ingredient for many pheromone cologne type products.

Patterson, G. L., and C. Ml. Bolis. 1997. Fungal cell - wall poly sacchraides elicit an antifungal secondary metabolite in the Cyanobacterium Scytonema ocellatum. J. Phycology. 33: 54 - 60.

Are there other ways to heighten my sexual libido?

Of course, the most favored way to enhance any part of your health is to do away with unfavorable habits such as smoking and habitual drinking, give yourself a better diet and exercise daily. While you're developing healthier living overall, adding a male enhancement supplement can take you to an even more sought-after level of sexual performance and enjoyment.

All the cultures were incubated at 28??C for 5 days. After the incubation period the cultures were centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 15mins. The supernatant was collected and subjected to antibacterial assay with respective inducer strain.

Ines, M. M., B. Karaigher, U. Cepon, and I. Mahne. 2003. Variability of the Quorum sensing system in natural isolates of Bacillus sp., Food technol. Biotechnol. 41: 23 - 28.

Liquid Trust Liquid Trust contains oxytocin - hormone that controls the level of trust in people. Oxytocin makes people more willing to bond with others. Liquid Trust Body Spray is created to increase trust in the wearer. This product is applied every morning after showering along with a favorite cologne or perfume.

Primal Instinct This is a very strong androstenone product. There is greater risk of overdose, so it is advised not to apply too much of this product. Very often, even one drop is too much for some men. There are two versions of this oil-based pheromone product - scented and unscented. Users should be aware that this product is not recommended for young men.

Kell, D. B., A. S. Kaprelyants, and A. Grafen. 1995. Pheromones, Social behaviour and the functions of secondary metabolism in bacteria. Trends in Ecol. and Evol. 10: 126-129.

How to Make a Man Interested in You with Body Language That said, let's talk about the secret of body language. As you sit in a restaurant, cafe or across the aisle in a classroom, you are unconsciously sending out signals. Sometimes the signal is come to mama and some times it is stay away or get your hand bitten off.

U2- U3- U4- U1+/U1- U2+/U2- U3+/U3- U4+/U4- U1- U2- U3- U4- NIL NIL NIL NIL Sediment 17. SA+ SA- SA+/SA- SA- 28

What is the reason for pheromone products? This may be the thing that offers you the competitive edge and the self-assurance you need to reach your social and sexual objectives, whatever they may be. Pheromones are a simple way to boost your attractiveness, and then match it with the confidence you'll have from all of the choices and interest.

Korber, D. R., J. R.Lawrence, H. M. Lappin-scott, and J. W. Costerton. 1995. Growth of microorganisms on surfaces. In. Microbial. Biofilm, Lapp in - Scott. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge university press.

Bassler, B. L., E. P. Greenberg, and A. M. Sterens. 1997. Cross species induction of luminescence in the quorum - sensing bacterium Vibrio harveyi. J. Bacteriology. 179: 4043-4045.

You want a man who can appreciate your assets. If you do catch the attention of a man who craves your exact opposite and you try to become that person to please him, you will only end up losing yourself. Why do you think so many people divorce? Before I let you in on the secret to attracting a man, I have one word of advice. Choose wisely.

Does he put up with romantic comedies, your interest in clothes, your friends? Has he actually introduced you to his friends? Does he act like you are the only woman in the room?

How are pheromones sensed? Pheromone signals are sensed through an organ in the nose's interior named the Vomeronasal Organ (VNO). When the VNO detects the Nexus pheromone, it transmits a response signal to the brain. So, as the sense of smell is usually discussed in research regarding pheromone attraction, it is virtually a chemical response that occurs, instead of a specific identifiable smell. That is, she responds to your chemistry on an involuntary level, with feelings of attraction, stimulation, interest and enthusiasm.

All the 17 strains were named as PRODUCERS STAINS BrA+, BrB+, BrC+, BrD+, BrE+, BrF+ Hypnea musiformis GcA+, GcB+, GcC+, GcD+, GcE+, GcF+ Gracillaria edulis

New Pheromone Additive (NPA) NPA is one of the most effective pheromone products on the market. It should to be added to favorite colognes or after shaves because it is very concentrated. NPA contains androstenone. It has an unpleasant pheromone smell. Recommended for more experienced users.

Lemos, M. L, A. E. Toranzod, and L. J. Barja. 1986. Antibiotic activity of epiphytic bacteria isolated from intertidal seaweeds. Microbial Ecology. 11: 149-163.

How to Make a Man Interested in You with Scents Dab an alluring scent on. I do mean dab it. Add a hint behind your ears. A bit on the pulse points of your neck, wrists and behind the knee. Pheromones touched beneath your nostrils can also be a powerful seduction tool. They are odorless and will have his gaze drifting in your direction.

We wish to stress on the importance and the necessity of who invented pheromones through this article. This is because we see the need of propagating its necessity and importance!

Icebreaker Pheromone Cologne

When launching a campaign to catch a man's attention, take extra care with your appearance. If you are miss nature girl, try adding just a bit of make up to freshen your appearance.

Bainton, N. J., P. Stead, and S.R. Chhabra. 1992. N-(3-oxohexanoyl)-L-homoserine Lactone regulated carbapenem antiobiotic production in Erwinia carotovora. Biochem. J. 288: 997-1004.

Table 1. List of Seaweeds species collected for the present study SPECIES NAME FAMILY Halimeda gracilis Chlorophyceae Ulva lactuca Chlorophyceae

In culture system B 200ul of 16 hours old producer strain alone was inoculated. In culture system C 200ul of 16 hours old inducer strain alone was inoculated.

Boyd, K.G., A. Mearns -Soragg, G. Briedley, K. Hatzidimitriou, A. Rennie, M. Bregu, M. 0. Hubble, and J. G. Burgess. 1998. Antifouling potential of epiphytic marine bacteria from the surface of marine algae. Plouzane, France: 128 -136.

What effects must I anticipate with a pheromone cologne? A marked increase in eye contact, interest and smiles from the opposite sex Increased sex appeal More dates and lovemaking A restoration of your existing relationship More ardent lovemaking A soothing, effortless effect on people around you More instances of being approached by the opposite sex Improved self confidence Spontaneous respect and attention on you by others.

c) The normal 20 bacterial strains isolated from 20 algal species were crossed with terrestrial bacteria such as E-coli, Staphylococcus aureus separately

*Corresponding author e-mail: vijay10bas@yahoo.co.in INTRODUCTION We are living in a microbial planet. About 71 % of the surface of this planet is covered by sea water. A typical milliliter of seawater contains 103 fungal cells, 106 bacteria, and 107 viruses, including pathogens that cause widespread mortalities and microbes that initiate fouling of host surfaces (Rheinheimer, 1992). Thus, marine plants and animals are continually exposed to high concentrations of potentially harmful microbes. These microorganisms in nature exists as free living planktonic mode of life in sea water or it may exist as epibiotic organisms in various living and nonliving surfaces. Among living organisms, seaweeds and invertebrates act as suitable substrate for the establishment of epibiotic organisms Seaweeds are known to release a large amount of organic carbon into the surrounding environment providing a nutrient rich habitat for microorganisms like bacteria. Bacteria are generally considered to be independent unicellular organisms. One cell accomplishes all of the tasks of feeding, locomotion, 'reproduction, respiration and all other processes necessary to keep an organism alive. There are several classes of bacteria such as primary film forming bacteria, sediment bacteria, symbiotic bacteria, and epibiotic bacteria in various aquatic organisms. The marine surface environment is a site of intense composition for living space by a wide variety of organisms. Bacteria are generally recognized as primary colonizers of this habitat and are able to form biofilm on marine surface such as invertebrates and algae (Bryers, et al., 1982). Bacteria may also be abundant on the surfaces of some algae as an important epibiotic organism. In many cases, the bacterial population found to be specific, with changes occurring throughout the year or life span of the algal surface. This algal-bacterial relationship is symbiotic in most cases; the epibiotic bacteria in seaweed play a protective role by releasing secondary metabolites into the surrounding seawater that help preventing extensive fouling of the surface. Epibiotic bacteria are therefore attracting attention as a source of new natural products. Bacteria from the larvae of some crustaceans protect them from fungal infection by the production of simple antimicrobial compounds. Bacteria isolated from the surface of a tunicate prevented the settlement of barnacle and tunicate larvae exposed to the bacteria as biofilm in petridishes (Evelyn et al., 2001).

Trischman, J.A., D.M.Tapiolas, P.R.Jensen, R.Dwight, W.Fenical, T.C.Mckee, C.M.Ireland, T.J.Stout, J.CIarely. 1994. Salinamide - A and salinamide - B - anti -inflammatory depsipeptides from a marine streptomycete. J.Am.Chem.Soc. 116: 757 -758.

Burgess, J. G., H. Miyashita, H. Sudo, and T. Matsunaga.1991. Antibiotic production by marine photosynthetic bacterium Chromatium purpuratum NKPB 031704: Localization of activity to the chromatophores. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 84: 301 - 306.

Why is it that I haven't learned of about this fascinating new sense organ and human pheromones before? Because it's a recent discovery! Although you may not have known about pheromones and the sixth sense until this time, you will: They're swiftly becoming common words.

All the above mentioned biochemical tests were performed by following standard methodology given in the Microbiological Laboratory Manual by James 3.Cappuccino (1999).

Liming, Y., G. K. Boyd, and J. G. Burgess. 2002. Surface induced attachment induced production of Antimicrobial compounds by marine epibiotic Bacteria using modified Roller Bottle. Mar. Biotechnology. 4: 356 - 366.

In concluding this discussion, the quorum sensing is wider spread among bacterial population then was previously thought, (In Gram positive, Gram negative bacterial communication). Current assays for antimicrobial activities are inadequate because some antibiotic producing bacteria may require the presence of another bacterial species. These findings have important implication for the discovery of novel antimicrobial compounds from marine bacteria and may allow the development of new methods for screening novel compounds active against multidrug resistant bacteria.

Allison, D. G., B. Ruiz, C. Sanjose, A. Jaspe, and P.Gilbert. 1998. Extracellular products as mediators of the formation and detachment of Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms. FEMS Microbial Lett. 167: 179-184.

The earlier genetic analysis in Pseudomonas reveals the Pseudomonas consist of two quorum sensing systems as Las R1-I and Rh1R-l and have linked with R and I genes, in addition recently a third Lux R homolog that is advanced to a cluster of quorum sensing - controlled (qsc) genes were detected. Las R is a transcriptional regulator that responses primarily to the Las I - generated signal and Rh1R is a transcriptional regularly that responses best to the Rhl -generated signal. In Pseudomonas auriginosa, at low population densities Las I produce a basel level of 3-O-C12-HSL. As density increases, 3-0-C12-HSL builds to a critical concentration, at which point interacts with LasR. This Las R -3-0-012-HSL complex that activates transcription of a number of genes [Whileley, et al., 1999].

Take a step back and notice the signs. Does he actually look into your eyes? Is he interested in what you have to say? Does he rearrange his schedule to make sure that he can see you? Hmm all good signs.

ANTIBIOTIC ASSAYS Antibiotic activity was performed in duplicate using a standard paper disc diffusion method as well as well assay. In well assay 10mm in diameter wells were made in marine agar plates and the plates were swabbed with 16 hours old inducer strain. To these wells 200ul of cell free supernatant were added to each well. In paper disc assay the Watmann no.1 filter paper discs (6mm in diameter) were saturated with 200ul of cell free supernatant. The impregnant discs were Dlaced in the centre of the plates swabbed with test organisms. The plates were Incubated at 37??C overnight and observed for inhibition zone. The zone of inhibition was measured as the distance from the border of paper disc to the edge of the clear zone and expressed in mm.

CONCLUSION: The present investigation was aimed to study the quorum sensing principle among seaweed epibiotic bacterial organisms. In the past few decades there was no findings of new novel antibacterial class compounds were identified. But, the pathogenic microorganisms show much higher rate of resistant development even to the potential antibiotics. So, there is an urgent need to discover new novel antibiotic compounds. The marine inhabitants such as microorganisms, seaweeds, invertebrates, etc., act as an undepleted source of wide range of natural products among which the seaweeds act as a potential source of antibiotic compounds. Currently the cross species induction / quorum sensing attracts the total attention of researchers in finding new novel drugs against multidrug resistant pathogenic microorganisms. So, the present study aim to find out the capability of seaweed epibiotic bacterial organisms to produce novel drugs against the animal and plant pathogens

In this experiment among 17 Producer and Inducer strains only 3 of them have responded to the quorum sensing principle. (BrB+/BrB-), (GcC+/GcC) and (SA+/SA-)

b) Among these 17-inducer strain 6 strains were isolated from Hypnea musiformis, 6 from Gracillaria edulis, 4 from Ulva lactuca & 1 from sediment.

When you put on a pheromone cologne, you're not only restoring pheromones you've washed off, covered up or lost, but adding a chemical miracle substance that will work on a majority of women. By restoring and even enhancing your lost pheromones you can virtually "return to nature," and re-establish chemical communication with individuals around you. People react without even understanding why. They just feel they are magnetized to you.

Are all pheromone products about the same? No, definitely not. They're all completely different, and the wise consumer must always shop warily. You should scout for a product which has pure androstenone Nexus pheromone concentrate especially in "double strength" potency. If you are having trouble searching for the appropriate product, we suggest you consider Nexus Pheromones.

Zhang, L., P. J. Murphy, and A. Kerr. 1993. Agrobacterium conjugation and gene regulation by /V-acyl-L-homoserine lactones. Nature 362: 446 - 448.

We hope that the matter available here on who invented pheromones prove to be fruitful to you in your mission for enlightenment on who invented pheromones.
Author Dave Thomson

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You ve tried everything and still can t get her in the mood? Not to worry. In my duty to provide men with the most accurate information on female sexuality, I decided to conduct a nation wide survey. Okay, it wasn t exactly a nation-wide survey. I contacted my female friends (most are straight) and asked them, What truly turns you on? So now you re privy to all their naughtiest...

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The discovery of pheromones in 1959 led to several developments in the areas of relationships and behaviors. Pheromones were originally associated with the chemical substances that animals usually excrete to send a message to their own species. Further research on the topic widened the definition of the word pheromones to include other species such as human beings. In fact, pheromones in humans...

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